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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The preferred format for text and tables of your manuscript is Word doc.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • Italics should be used rather than underlining (except with URL addresses) and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.
  • Submit an anonymised paper as well as a paper with author details

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submission Guidelines

1. Review Statement

Every submission to Criminological Encounters (CRIMEN) is subject to initial appraisal by the editorial team, in order to ensure that the submission complies with the standards of submission (as explained here) and to assess its empirical and theoretical contribution to the field. If the paper does not satisfactorally meet these criteria, the editorial team may either ask the authors to revise the submission substantially or it may be desk-rejected.

After that initial stage, peer review is initiated. Authors and reviewers are asked whether they prefer Open or Double-Blind Peer Review, with the former only taking place when all the parties involved agree to do so. Double-Blind Peer Review (DBPR) entails that both the author and the reviewer are anonymous during the review process. In Open Peer Review (OPR), authors know who is reviewing their work and vice versa.

The CRIMEN team strongly believes that OPR contributes to a more open and constructive dialogue between colleagues wanting to co-produce the best possible paper. Open review has the additional value of giving credit to the work undertaken by reviewers. In the journal’s “Commentaries” section, we offer a space for reviewers to publish their reviews. Ideally, commentaries are the starting point of ongoing discussions between authors, all eligible for publication in this section.

2. Manuscript submission

Authors are invited to submit their work, irrespective of the theme of an upcoming issue, as there is always a non-thematic section. 

All manuscripts are considered, on the strict condition that:

(1)The manuscript must be your own original work and may not duplicate any other previously published materials, which includes your own previously published work (except for i.e. unpublished conference proceedings).

(2)The manuscript has been submitted exclusively to Criminological Encounters and is not under peer review, accepted for publication, in press or published elsewhere. Once the article is accepted, the permission of the Editor-in-chief is required to publish the article, and/or possible translations, elsewhere.

The manuscript of authors who fail to adhere to the above conditions will be rejected.

Authors are asked to submit an anonymised manuscript as well as one with author details in order to facilitate the peer review. The former includes replacing in-text references to the authors’ own work by “Author”, e.g. (Author, 2019), and omitting any references to the authors’ work in the reference list. Authors should also provide two title pages, one containing names, academic affiliations, full mailing address plus telephone, fax, email address, and one for the reviewers containing the title only.

The title should indicate exactly, but as briefly as possible, the subject of the paper. An abstract of no more than 200 words should precede the main text, accompanied by up to 5 key words and a biographical note of maximum 50 words.

Submissions should be sent exclusively through Criminological Encounters website

3. Manuscript guidelines

Articles (references and footnotes included) should generally be between 6,000 and 8,500 words.

The format for text and tables of your manuscript is Word doc (*.docx). The text should be typed on A4, be double-spaced throughout and with 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 12 point Verdana.

Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional proofreading service. The editors are not responsible for language checks.

Criminological Encounters adheres to APA (7th edition). For detailed information, we refer authors to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition ( Authors should use footnotes and not endnotes.  Footnotes should be kept to a minimum, only provide additional information and should not contain references.

Tables and figures should be numbered and referred to in the text. Their location should be indicated in the text (e.g. 'insert figure 1 here'). A separate file should be provided with all tables and figures in *.jpeg format and in good resolution.


  • Single citations

In case of one author, only the surname and the year of publication are necessary.

Example: (Smith, 2007).

In case of two authors, only use the ampersand.

Example: (Smith & Wesson, 2007).

In case of multiple authors, from three or more authors onwards, they are truncated from the very first reference. Hence, you only mention the name of the first author followed by 'et al’.

Example: (Browning et al., 2007).

In case the names of the authors are used in the full text of the manuscript, the ampersand should be replaced by 'and'.

Example: Smith and Wesson (2007).

  • Multiple citations

In case of multiple in-text citations, authors have to be alphabetized and separated by making use of ';'.

Example: (Browning, 2007; Smith & Wesson, 2007).

  • Reference to multiple works by the same authors in one year

In case of multiple works written by the same author, suffixes have to be added to the citation:

Example: (Smith, 2007a, 2007b).

  • Quotations

Always mention the last name of the author(s), the year of publication and the exact page number(s) when using a citation.

Example: (Smith, 2007, 77).


The reference list should be listed alphabetically. Please use the following examples as guidelines:

  • Books

Aas, K. F. (2013). Globalization & Crime. SAGE Publications

  • Book Chapter

Van der Leun, J.P. & van der Woude, M.A.H. (2013). A reflection on crimmigration in the Netherlands. In M. J. Guia, M.A.H. van der Woude & J.P. van der Leun (Eds.), Social Control and Justice: Crimmigration in the Age of Fear (pp. 41-60). Eleven International Publishing.

  • Journal Article

Pakes, F. (2010). The comparative method in globalised criminology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 43(1), 17-30.

Check the APA 7th Manual for instructions on referring to other data sources.

4. Publishing policy

Criminological Encounters does not tolerate plagiarism, copyright infringements or similar. If particular data (illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations) in the article are reproduced and have been previously published elsewhere, authors are obliged to obtain permission from copyright holders.

Criminological Encounters reserves the right to use duplication-checking software and to take action in case of plagiarism, the use of third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or contested authorship. Actions may include: removing the article from the journal; publishing an erratum; notifying the dean of the author's institution; banning the author from publication in the journal; or, as last intervention, legal action may be taken.

5. Journal contributor's publishing agreement 

Authors grant Criminological Encounters the exclusive right to publish for the full legal term of copyright.

6. Acknowledgments

Any acknowledgements should appear at the end of the article before the list of references. Contributors who do not fully meet the criteria for authorship should be considered in the acknowledgements section. Authors who want to acknowledge their funding agencies should use this section for such.

7. Open access

Each article published by Criminological Encounters will be available on the journal's website in full-text HTML and downloadable full-text PDF. Authors will receive a proof of the article for correction prior to the publication on the website and are responsible for correcting any errors or omissions.

8. Book reviews

Criminological Encounters welcomes reviews on recently published books that address issues related to the journal concept of 'encounters'. In our book review section, we encourage both inter- and intradisciplinary discussions.

The book review entails a constructive and critical overview of the content and structure of the book as well as the ideas, visions or statements put forward by the author. Further information about the scientific background of the author and position in the field can also be useful.

The maximum length of the review should be 3000 words. Formatting of book reviews should follow the article formatting instructions provided above. Book reviews will be approved by the journal's editorial team.

Criminological Encounters will regularly provide a list of books for review but we are also willing to consider suggestions. Please contact us in case you are interested in writing a book review.

9. Opinion pieces, responses, forums, film reviews or other alternative types of contributions

We encourage authors to submit alternative types of academic contributions such as short opinion pieces, forums and film reviews. Guidelines are similar to those for full manuscripts. Opinion pieces and article responses should count between 1000 and 3000 words (references included). For more information on the guidelines for forums, film reviews or other formats please enter in contact with the editorial team on

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